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High level of hormones found from some forms of birth control pills

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High level of hormones found from some forms of birth control pills

A new study has found that women who take certain forms of this contraception have much higher levels of hormones than women who don’t. With this, it has raised queries about the safety of some forms of birth control pills.

The study gave the results after looking at women’s levels of progesterone and estrogen, both produced by the ovaries and in levels that naturally vary over the course of the menstrual cycle.

In women who take the pill, these naturally released hormones are replaced by synthetic versions in order to prevent pregnancy, with progesterone replaced by progestin, and estrogen replaced by ethinyl estradiol.

Carried out by the University of Michigan, the study reviewed data from 12 different studies that measured the amount of progesterone and estrogen over the menstrual cycle in women who don’t take the pill.

The study’s lead author, human evolutionary biologist Beverly Strassmann, said that birth control has greatly improved women’s lives, but added that it is important to create birth control pills that don’t contribute to risk for breast cancer.

“Not enough has changed over the generations of these drugs, and given how many people take hormonal birth control worldwide — millions — the pharmaceutical industry shouldn’t rest on its laurels,” said Strassmann.

Strassmann added, “The increased number of menses is associated with increased hormonal exposure and risk for breast cancer. It is critically important to know whether hormonal contraception further exacerbates this risk.”

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Are obesity and asthma connected ?

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Are obesity and asthma connected ?

Obesity:

Obesity is a complex disease involving an excessive amount of body fat. Obesity isn’t just a medical problem that increase the risk of other diseases and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and certain cancers.

Asthma :

Asthma is a condition in which your airways narrow an swell and may produce extra mucus.

The connection between obesity and asthma :

  1. Obesity an asthma share common genetics, common in utero conditions, or common predisposing dietary factors( foods high in sugar, diet poor in vegetables etc).
  2. Obesity leads to a reduction in lung volume and tidal volume which in turn promotes narrowing of the airway.
  3. There is low risk associated with breastfeeding in both obesity and asthma conditions.
  4. Changes in adipose-derived hormones, like leptin an adiponectin, may enhance the inflammatory state of obesity.
  5. Obesity is a state of low-grade systemic inflammation that may lead to the exacerbation of asthma.
  6. Diseases like dyslipidemia,gastroesophageal reflux,sleep- disorder breathing,type-2 diabetes,or hypertension that are associated with obesity, may exacerbate asthma.
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Here are causes for tooth decay and its treatment options

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Here are causes for tooth decay and its treatment options

Tooth decay:

Tooth decay occurs due to a buildup of plaque on a tooth.plaque is a sticky layer of bacteria that forms on teeth.when a person eats sugary or starchy food, the bacteria in the plaque produce acids that attack tooth enamel.it is disease known as caries or cavities. As the tooth gets eaten away, tooth decay sets in.Tooth decay naturally looks black and can give the appearance of a black tooth. Tooth decay and gum disease can lead to serious health problems, including brain or heart infections.

Causes for cavities:

  1. Bacteria –Both gum disease an tooth decay are cause by bacteria
  2. Sugars
  3. Plaque
  4. Para function
  5. Certain medical condition

Treatment options include:

  1. Fluoride treatments
  2. Fillings
  3. Crowns
  4. Root canals
  5. Tooth extractions
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Do you know about Type 1 Diabetes and its symptoms?

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Do you know about Type 1 Diabetes and its symptoms?

Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction ( when a body attacks itself by mistake). This reaction destroys the cells in the pancreas that makes insulin,called beta cells.This process of destroying of beta cells can go on for months or years before any symptoms appear. It is a serious condition where your blood glucose (sugar) level is too high because your body attacks the cells in your pancreas that makes the insulin due to which you can not produce any insulin which is required to live.

Symptoms:

  1. Feeling thirsty
  2. Feeling tried
  3. Weight loss and loss of muscle bulk
  4. Blurred vision
  5. Itching around the genital area
  6. Urinating more frequently than usual
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