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High level of hormones found from some forms of birth control pills

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High level of hormones found from some forms of birth control pills

A new study has found that women who take certain forms of this contraception have much higher levels of hormones than women who don’t. With this, it has raised queries about the safety of some forms of birth control pills.

The study gave the results after looking at women’s levels of progesterone and estrogen, both produced by the ovaries and in levels that naturally vary over the course of the menstrual cycle.

In women who take the pill, these naturally released hormones are replaced by synthetic versions in order to prevent pregnancy, with progesterone replaced by progestin, and estrogen replaced by ethinyl estradiol.

Carried out by the University of Michigan, the study reviewed data from 12 different studies that measured the amount of progesterone and estrogen over the menstrual cycle in women who don’t take the pill.

The study’s lead author, human evolutionary biologist Beverly Strassmann, said that birth control has greatly improved women’s lives, but added that it is important to create birth control pills that don’t contribute to risk for breast cancer.

“Not enough has changed over the generations of these drugs, and given how many people take hormonal birth control worldwide — millions — the pharmaceutical industry shouldn’t rest on its laurels,” said Strassmann.

Strassmann added, “The increased number of menses is associated with increased hormonal exposure and risk for breast cancer. It is critically important to know whether hormonal contraception further exacerbates this risk.”

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Doctors recommend flu shots despite side effects

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Doctors recommend flu shots despite side effects

Doctors recommend flu shots as they reduce the chances of getting flu. It’s highly effective especially in these testing times.

Dr Mukesh Budhawani, general Physician, Apollo Clinic said, Flu is dangerous to you and your family’s health as high-risk individuals like infants, pregnant women, adults 65 and older, and those with chronic conditions.”

He added, “Getting the flu vaccine will reduce the seriousness and length of illness and even risk for a flu-related hospitalisation and death. The flu shot can protect you and your loved ones against serious complications. It can impact a healthy individual’s health leading to pneumonia.”

He further stated, “Taking a flu shot can minimise the risk for a co-infection because it is possible to catch both the flu and Covid-19 simultaneously.”

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Covid-19 in India: Daily cases fall by 11.5% as 14,146 more test positive in 24 hours

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Covid-19 in India: Daily cases fall by 11.5% as 14,146 more test positive in 24 hours

Looks like Covid-19 is gonna stay for a little while. According to the latest Covid-19 bulletin of the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) on Sunday, India reported 14,146 new cases in the last 24 hours.

It was 11.5 per cent lower than what the country had witnessed a day before. With this, the total Covid caseload in India increased to 3,40,67,719.

The top five states that registered maximum new Covid-19 cases were Kerala with 7,955 cases, followed by Maharashtra with 1,553 cases, Tamil Nadu with 1,233 cases, Mizoram with 948 cases and West Bengal with 443 cases.

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TB deaths rise for first time in over a decade. WHO report links it to Covid-19 pandemic

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TB deaths rise for first time in over a decade. WHO report links it to Covid-19 pandemic

Deaths due to tuberculosis have increased for the first time in over a decade reversing years of global progress, the World Health Organization said on Thursday citing the 2021 Global TB report. The UN health agency said in its annual report that progress towards TB milestones has been hit hard by the ongoing coronavirus disease (Covid-19) pandemic. Not only the number of people dying of tuberculosis increased last year, but also far fewer people were diagnosed and treated for infectious bacterial disease.

According to the report, tuberculosis was second only to Covid-19 as a leading cause of death from a single infectious agent. The impact of disruptions caused by the pandemic on new TB cases and related deaths could be “much worse” in 2021 and 2022, suggest modelling projections.

WHO director-general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said in a statement that the Global TB report confirms “our fears that the disruption of essential health services due to the pandemic could start to unravel years of progress against tuberculosis.”

“This is alarming news that must serve as a global wake-up call to the urgent need for investments and innovation to close the gaps in diagnosis, treatment and care for the millions of people affected by this ancient but preventable and treatable disease,” Tedros added.

The UN health agency estimates that about 4.1 million people currently suffering from TB have either went undiagnosed or have not officially reported to national authorities, up by 1.2 million from 2019. India, Indonesia, the Philippines, and China have contributed the most to the global reductions in TB notifications between 2019 and 2020.

Despite some success stories from some countries and regions, global TB targets are “mostly off-track”, according to the report.

“The immediate priority is to restore access to and provision of essential TB services such that levels of TB case detection and treatment can recover to at least 2019 levels,” the report concluded.

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