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Mental Health

Know the types of Mental illness

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Know the types of Mental illness

Mental illness:
Changes in emotions, thinking or behaviour are related to health condition known as mental health. If left untreated, mental illnesses can have a huge impact on daily living, including your ability to work. Similar to having other medical conditions like diabetes or heart disease, Mental illness:

Changes in emotions, thinking or behaviour are related to health condition known as mental health. If left untreated, mental illnesses can have a huge impact on daily living, including your ability to work. Similar to having other medical conditions like diabetes or heart disease, there is no shame in having a mental illness, and support and treatment are available.

 Types:

Anxiety Disorders
Bipolar Disorders
Conduct Disorders
Depressive Disorders
Disruptive Disorders
Dissociative Disorder
Elimination Disorder
Feeding and Eating Disorders
Gender Dysphoria
Impulse-control Disorders
Neurocognitive Disorders
Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Obsessive-compulsive and Related Disorders
Paraphilic Disorder
Personality Disorder
Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders
Sexual Dysfunctions
Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders
Substance-related and Addictive Disorders
Trauma and Stress or-Related Disorders

Mental Health

What is clinical depression ?

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What is clinical depression ?

A mental disorder characterized by persistently depressed mood or loss of interest in activities, causing significant impairment in daily life.Possible causes include a combination of biological, psychological and social sources of distress. Increasingly, research suggests that these factors may cause changes in brain function, including altered activity of certain neural circuits in the brain.

Symptoms:

People may experience

  1. Mood: anxiety, apathy, general discontent,guilty, hopelessness,loss of interest or pleasure in activities, mood swings, or sadness.
  2. Behavioural :agitation, excessive crying,irritability,restlessness,or social isolation
  3. Sleep:early awakening, excess sleepiness, insomnia,or restless sleep
  4. Whole body:excessive hunger, fatigue,or loss of appetite
  5. Cognitive:lack of concentration, slowness in activity.
  6. Weight:weight gain or weight loss
  7. Also common:poor appetite or repeatedly going over thoughts
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Mental Health

What counts as an eating disorder ?

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What counts as an eating disorder ?

Eating disorder:

An eating disorder is a serious mental illness, characterized by eating, exercise and body weight or shape becoming an unhealthy per occupation of someone’s life.

Facts about eating disorders:

  1. Eating disorders are the most deadly health disorder because they cause myriad physical health problems that can lead to death.
  2. Eating disorders may or may not be associated with a distorted body image.
  3. They are equally prevalent across race an ethnicity.

Common types of eating disorders:

  1. Anorexia
  2. Bulimia
  3. Binge eating disorder
  4. Pica
  5. Rumination
  6. Avoidant.

Signs that may lead to the development of an eating disorder include:

  1. Low self-esteem
  2. Extreme self-criticism
  3. Needing to be and do things perfectly
  4. Obsessive exercising
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Mental Health

Two out of five adults with ADHD have excellent mental health: Study

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Two out of five adults with ADHD have excellent mental health: Study

As per a new study, two in five adults (42 per cent) with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were in excellent mental health. The findings were published in the International Journal of Applied Positive Psychology.

“This finding provides a very hopeful message for both individuals struggling with ADHD and their loved ones,” said lead author Esme Fuller-Thomson, professor at the University of Toronto’s Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work and director of the Institute for Life Course and Aging.

“This research marks a paradigm shift. Most previous research, including my own, has focused on mental illness among those with ADHD so to focus on those who are thriving mentally is refreshing and very heartening,” added Esme Fuller-Thomson.

“Our findings emphasize the importance of addressing comorbid mental health issues when providing care to individuals with ADHD,” said co-author Bradyn Ko, a recent graduate of the Master of Social Work (MSW) program at the University of Toronto.

“Those with ADHD who also struggle with depression and anxiety face substantial barriers to achieving complete mental health and may benefit from targeted care. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a very promising intervention that has been shown to be effective for those with ADHD”

“These results highlight potentially modifiable risk factors to support the well-being of adults with ADHD,” said co-author Lauren Carrique, a recent MSW graduate from the University of Toronto.

“When compared to being sedentary, engaging in optimal levels of physical activity approximately quadrupled the odds of complete mental health. This underlines the potential value of physical activity in helping individuals with ADHD achieve excellent mental health.”

“The finding that female respondents were less likely to be in flourishing mental health highlights the specific vulnerabilities among women with ADHD,” said co-author Andie MacNeil, a recent Master of Social Work graduate from the University of Toronto. “This aligns with other research that has found higher rates of depression, anxiety, and suicidality among women with ADHD, which may partially explain this gap in mental well-being.”

“Although we were surprised and delighted to find that two in five adults with ADHD were in excellent mental health, they are still lagging far behind their peers without ADHD, for whom 74 per cent were thriving. There is still a long way to go in closing the mental health gap between those with and without ADHD,” said Fuller-Thomson. “This study calls attention to this gap, while also emphasizing potential mechanisms to reduce this discrepancy.”

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