Nosebleeds ( also called epistaxis ) can occur easily because of the location of the nose and the close-to- the-surface location of blood vessels in the lining of your nose.
Causes for nosebleed:
- Dry air
- Nose picking
- Cold ( upper respiratory infections) and sinusitis
- Blowing your nose with force
- Inserting an object into your nose
- Injury to the nose and/or face
- Allergic and non allergic rhinitis (inflammation of the nasal lining)
- Blood-thinning drugs (aspirin, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, war fair, and others )
- Cocaine and other drugs inhaled through the nose
- Chemical irritants
- High altitudes
- Deviated septum ( an abnormal shape of the wall that separates the two sides of the nose )
- Frequent use of nasal sprays and medications to treat itchy, runny or stuffy nose.
- Consumption of alcohol
- Bleeding disorders, such as hemophilia or von willebrand disease or leukemia
- High blood pressure
- Facial and nasal surgery
- Nasal tumors
- Nasal polyps
- Immune thrombocytopenia
- Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia
How to get rid of ear infection ?
Ear infections are one of the most prevalent ENT disorders. They occur when germs become trapped inside the middle of the ear.It causes pain and swelling/bulging of the eardrum.The eustachian tube, a tiny canal that originates in the ear and drains into the back of the throat, usually keeps unwanted germs out. If this tube is too small or becomes swollen shut by swelling or clogged by fluid and mucus, bacteria, or other microbes can enter the ear and cause an infection.
- Pain an pressure
- Difficulty hearing
- Nausea and vomiting
- Fluid discharge ( suggestive of a perforation)
- Loss of balance
- Apply a warm cloth to the affected ear.
- Take over-the-counter (OTC) pain medication such as ibuprofen (Advil) or acetaminophen (Tylenol).
- Use OTC or prescription ear drops to relieve pain.
- Take OTC decongestants like pseudoephedrine (sudafed).
- Avoid sleeping on the affected ear.
All you need to know about ENT
The functioning of ears, nose and throat properly is very essential for our survival and the medical abbreviation for ears, nose and throat is ENT.
ENT specialist proper name is Otolaryngologist.
These are the sensory organs that are related to hearing. They also provide you with a sense of balance.
Ear Disorder: Like ear infections
Ear infections–These occur when germs enter the ear.
- Hearing loss
- Balance problems
This is a sensory organ that is related to smell. It also helps in humidifying air and prevents germs from entering into our body.
Nose disorder: Like sinus infections
Sinus infection– Sinuses are the cavities in the area of eyes and nose in the skull. Symptoms of Sinuses are:
- Running nose
- Bad breath
- Sneezing and coughing
It provides a route for air to reach lungs. It also provides a route for food and water to enter into your digestive tract.
Throat Disorder: Like Tonsillitis
Tonsillitis– It is caused due to the Infection of the tonsils. It is very common condition, which cause severe pain in the throat.
Do’s and Don’ts for ear health
Many people ignore ear health but we say taking care of your ears should be a priority because they matter a lot and one won’t be able to recognize this until and unless he or she faces some trouble. All we are trying to say is that they need to be taken care of just like eyes and teeth.
So, we bought you this piece that tells you what to do and what not to do for good ear health. Give a quick read.
Make sure, you visit the doctor and get your ears checked regularly.
If you want to remove excess ear wax, see a doctor.
Use earplugs to protect your hearing around loud sounds.
Also, dry your ears after showering or swimming.
Do stay physically active. Staying physically active helps keep the heart and circulation system healthy, which helps keeps your ears healthy.
Don’t put cotton swabs in your ear canal.
Don’t crank up your headphones.
If you are experiencing any pain or drainage from your ears — go to a doctor immediately.
Don’t smoke. Smoking is known to affect hearing through the circulation system.
Hearing loss is an increasing danger to younger individuals as well due exposure to loud sounds via ear buds. So make sure, you use earplugs.
Headphones are better than ear phones and also avoid long hours of usage
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