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World Health Organisation revises blood pressure control guidelines

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World Health Organisation revises blood pressure control guidelines

World Health Organisation on Wednesday released new guidelines for blood pressure control, recommend 130 as the upper number threshold for starting medicines for anyone with risk factors or a history of cardiovascular disease and 140/90 for others.

The WHO’s hypertension  guidelines, the first from the organisation in 21 years, come amid concerns that over 1.4 billion people worldwide have high blood pressure but only 14 per cent have it under control despite available cost-effective treatment options.

But while India’s protocol recommends treatment initiation with a single drug for patients with blood pressure readings lower than 180/110, WHO recommends a two-drug combination therapy for adults requiring pharmacological therapy for hypertension.

Some cardiologists in India have over the past three years argued for a reduction in the diagnostic thresholds for blood pressure from 140/90 to 130/80. However, others believe that while 130/80 is an ideal target, people with levels between 130-39/80-89 need not be prescribed drugs immediately, but first asked to reduce salt intake, lose weight and stop smoking.

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Know about some common types of cancer

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Know about some common types of cancer

Cancer is not just one disease. There are more than 100 types, which can start anywhere in the body. They are named by the organ or tissue in which they start growing. They can form in organs, bones, muscles, tendons, fat, blood vessels, an lymph fluid.

Examples of more common types include:

  1. Carcinoma- This is the most common type, which forms a solid mass of tissue (tumor). Brest, lung, an colrectal cancer are types of carcinomas.
  2. Leukemia– This cancer starts in the blood, occurring when large number of abnormal white blood cells build up in the blood an bone, crowding out healthy blood cells. A lack of healthy blood cells can lower one’s immune function, increasing the risk of frequent infections, fatigue, and recurrent bruising or bleeding.
  3. Lymphoma- this cancer arises in lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell.lymphocytes normally fight infection, but here they grow out of control. This can cause swollen lymph nodes, shortness of breath, and fatigue.
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Here are some sleep hygiene tips

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Here are some sleep hygiene tips
  1. Try to avoid large meals, heavy snacking, or alcohol 2-3 hours before bed.
  2. Ensure a comfortable temperature, as feeling too hot or cold can disrupt sleep.
  3. Stop using electronic devices an hour before bed, especially those emitting blue light such as smartphones, tablets, and televisions.
  4. If your are sensitive to caffeine, try to avoid drinking caffeinated beverages 4-6 hours before bedtime.
  5. Schedule before-bed activities to signal that you are winding down, such as changing into pajamas and brushing teeth.
  6. If you awaken and can’t return to sleep, don’t stay in bed. Get up and do quiet Relaxing activities, such as reading, until you feel tired enough to fall back asleep.
  7. create a quiet, dark, relaxing environment in your bedroom. Dim lights and turn off your cell phone’s sound and vibration modes if possible.
  8. Set a sleep schedule and stick to it. Try to go to bed at night and awaken in the morning around the same times, even on weekends. This helps to regulate the body’s sleep cycles and circadian rhythms.
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How do you know if your back pain is serious?

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How do you know if your back pain is serious?

Back pain:

Back pain develops without a cause that your doctor can identify with a test. Conditions commonly linked to back pain include muscle or ligament strain.repeated heavy lifting or a sudden awkward movement can strain back muscles and spinal ligaments.

Signs that indicate, that its time to consult doctor for your back pain:

  1. If you have been in pain for over a week
  2. If the pain extends to other body parts
  3. If you have numbness, tingling or weakness
  4. If you have pain after an accident
  5. If your pain is worse at certain times or in certain positions
  6. If you are having problems with bowels or urination
  7. If you have unexplained weight loss
  8. If you have a fever
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