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This is how smoking impacts your body

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This is how smoking impacts your body

The Global Adult Tobacco Survey India stated that 266.8 million adults (i.e. 28.6 percent of the entire population) use tobacco and added that 92.4 percent believed that smoking causes serious illness. Despite the awareness, it is a significant hurdle for the healthcare community, as people continue the usage of the tobacco and its related products.

The products like nicotine and acetone can be fatal in the long run, they are no safe products for smoking. The four major effects of smoking on human body are –

  1. Affect on central nervous system
  2. Periodontitis
  3. Affect on Digestive system
  4. Affect on cardiovascular system

Central nervous system: Nicotine is similar in shape to the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. The neurotransmitter sends signals to the brain. So it is hazardous for the brain because the signalling in the brain increases. It also creates dopamine signal which creates pleasure sensation. Over the period of time the brain compensates the number of acetylcholine receptors, as a result nicotine tolerance is caused. Which means body craves for more nicotine. Due to which withdrawal of nicotine can cause depression, irritation anxiety and also causes headaches and sleeping problems.

Cardiovascular system: Consumption of nicotine causes blood vessels to tighten, due to which the blood is restricted over the time it causes narrowing and damage to the blood vessels, it can cause the peripheral Artery disease, smokers are at additional risk of blood pressure and clots in blood.

Periodontitis: The Periodontium consists of four tissues they are cementum, gingiva, alveolar bone and perodontal ligaments. Periodontities is caused due to group of inflammatory diseases which can be prevented. When someone smokes, it increases the risk of periodontal diseases.

Digestive system: Digestive system can also be damaged due to smoking, which results into the esophagus and pancreatic cancer. People who smoke but don’t inhale can also face risk of mouth cancer.

 

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How do you know if your back pain is serious?

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How do you know if your back pain is serious?

Back pain:

Back pain develops without a cause that your doctor can identify with a test. Conditions commonly linked to back pain include muscle or ligament strain.repeated heavy lifting or a sudden awkward movement can strain back muscles and spinal ligaments.

Signs that indicate, that its time to consult doctor for your back pain:

  1. If you have been in pain for over a week
  2. If the pain extends to other body parts
  3. If you have numbness, tingling or weakness
  4. If you have pain after an accident
  5. If your pain is worse at certain times or in certain positions
  6. If you are having problems with bowels or urination
  7. If you have unexplained weight loss
  8. If you have a fever
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Are obesity and asthma connected ?

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Are obesity and asthma connected ?

Obesity:

Obesity is a complex disease involving an excessive amount of body fat. Obesity isn’t just a medical problem that increase the risk of other diseases and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and certain cancers.

Asthma :

Asthma is a condition in which your airways narrow an swell and may produce extra mucus.

The connection between obesity and asthma :

  1. Obesity an asthma share common genetics, common in utero conditions, or common predisposing dietary factors( foods high in sugar, diet poor in vegetables etc).
  2. Obesity leads to a reduction in lung volume and tidal volume which in turn promotes narrowing of the airway.
  3. There is low risk associated with breastfeeding in both obesity and asthma conditions.
  4. Changes in adipose-derived hormones, like leptin an adiponectin, may enhance the inflammatory state of obesity.
  5. Obesity is a state of low-grade systemic inflammation that may lead to the exacerbation of asthma.
  6. Diseases like dyslipidemia,gastroesophageal reflux,sleep- disorder breathing,type-2 diabetes,or hypertension that are associated with obesity, may exacerbate asthma.
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Here are causes for tooth decay and its treatment options

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Here are causes for tooth decay and its treatment options

Tooth decay:

Tooth decay occurs due to a buildup of plaque on a tooth.plaque is a sticky layer of bacteria that forms on teeth.when a person eats sugary or starchy food, the bacteria in the plaque produce acids that attack tooth enamel.it is disease known as caries or cavities. As the tooth gets eaten away, tooth decay sets in.Tooth decay naturally looks black and can give the appearance of a black tooth. Tooth decay and gum disease can lead to serious health problems, including brain or heart infections.

Causes for cavities:

  1. Bacteria –Both gum disease an tooth decay are cause by bacteria
  2. Sugars
  3. Plaque
  4. Para function
  5. Certain medical condition

Treatment options include:

  1. Fluoride treatments
  2. Fillings
  3. Crowns
  4. Root canals
  5. Tooth extractions
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