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TB deaths rise for first time in over a decade. WHO report links it to Covid-19 pandemic

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TB deaths rise for first time in over a decade. WHO report links it to Covid-19 pandemic

Deaths due to tuberculosis have increased for the first time in over a decade reversing years of global progress, the World Health Organization said on Thursday citing the 2021 Global TB report. The UN health agency said in its annual report that progress towards TB milestones has been hit hard by the ongoing coronavirus disease (Covid-19) pandemic. Not only the number of people dying of tuberculosis increased last year, but also far fewer people were diagnosed and treated for infectious bacterial disease.

According to the report, tuberculosis was second only to Covid-19 as a leading cause of death from a single infectious agent. The impact of disruptions caused by the pandemic on new TB cases and related deaths could be “much worse” in 2021 and 2022, suggest modelling projections.

WHO director-general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said in a statement that the Global TB report confirms “our fears that the disruption of essential health services due to the pandemic could start to unravel years of progress against tuberculosis.”

“This is alarming news that must serve as a global wake-up call to the urgent need for investments and innovation to close the gaps in diagnosis, treatment and care for the millions of people affected by this ancient but preventable and treatable disease,” Tedros added.

The UN health agency estimates that about 4.1 million people currently suffering from TB have either went undiagnosed or have not officially reported to national authorities, up by 1.2 million from 2019. India, Indonesia, the Philippines, and China have contributed the most to the global reductions in TB notifications between 2019 and 2020.

Despite some success stories from some countries and regions, global TB targets are “mostly off-track”, according to the report.

“The immediate priority is to restore access to and provision of essential TB services such that levels of TB case detection and treatment can recover to at least 2019 levels,” the report concluded.

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Know about some common types of cancer

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Know about some common types of cancer

Cancer is not just one disease. There are more than 100 types, which can start anywhere in the body. They are named by the organ or tissue in which they start growing. They can form in organs, bones, muscles, tendons, fat, blood vessels, an lymph fluid.

Examples of more common types include:

  1. Carcinoma- This is the most common type, which forms a solid mass of tissue (tumor). Brest, lung, an colrectal cancer are types of carcinomas.
  2. Leukemia– This cancer starts in the blood, occurring when large number of abnormal white blood cells build up in the blood an bone, crowding out healthy blood cells. A lack of healthy blood cells can lower one’s immune function, increasing the risk of frequent infections, fatigue, and recurrent bruising or bleeding.
  3. Lymphoma- this cancer arises in lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell.lymphocytes normally fight infection, but here they grow out of control. This can cause swollen lymph nodes, shortness of breath, and fatigue.
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Here are some sleep hygiene tips

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Here are some sleep hygiene tips
  1. Try to avoid large meals, heavy snacking, or alcohol 2-3 hours before bed.
  2. Ensure a comfortable temperature, as feeling too hot or cold can disrupt sleep.
  3. Stop using electronic devices an hour before bed, especially those emitting blue light such as smartphones, tablets, and televisions.
  4. If your are sensitive to caffeine, try to avoid drinking caffeinated beverages 4-6 hours before bedtime.
  5. Schedule before-bed activities to signal that you are winding down, such as changing into pajamas and brushing teeth.
  6. If you awaken and can’t return to sleep, don’t stay in bed. Get up and do quiet Relaxing activities, such as reading, until you feel tired enough to fall back asleep.
  7. create a quiet, dark, relaxing environment in your bedroom. Dim lights and turn off your cell phone’s sound and vibration modes if possible.
  8. Set a sleep schedule and stick to it. Try to go to bed at night and awaken in the morning around the same times, even on weekends. This helps to regulate the body’s sleep cycles and circadian rhythms.
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How do you know if your back pain is serious?

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How do you know if your back pain is serious?

Back pain:

Back pain develops without a cause that your doctor can identify with a test. Conditions commonly linked to back pain include muscle or ligament strain.repeated heavy lifting or a sudden awkward movement can strain back muscles and spinal ligaments.

Signs that indicate, that its time to consult doctor for your back pain:

  1. If you have been in pain for over a week
  2. If the pain extends to other body parts
  3. If you have numbness, tingling or weakness
  4. If you have pain after an accident
  5. If your pain is worse at certain times or in certain positions
  6. If you are having problems with bowels or urination
  7. If you have unexplained weight loss
  8. If you have a fever
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