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Reducing air pollution can prevent heart attacks

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Reducing air pollution can prevent heart attacks

Reducing pollution is not only helpful for the environment it may also have significant health benefits at the population level such as preventing heart attacks.

Heart attack is the leading cause of death in India, China, United States. Besides risk factors such as smoking, obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol or physical inactivity, air pollution can also increase the frequency of heart attacks

With each 10 µg/m3 (micrograms per cubic meter) drop in particulate matter 2.5 (a common type of air pollutant containing microscopic pieces of solid substances), the number of heart attacks decreased by 6 percent.

If it turns out that we can meaningfully link a reduction in traffic-related air pollution during COVID lockdowns to a reduction in heart attacks, it points the way toward a major change that could help to reduce the burden of heart disease. We know how to reduce air pollution concentrations and have seen that it is possible

This could reinforce the benefits of air pollution reduction as a cost-effective way to improve health. It also means that reducing fossil fuel combustion, which we need to do anyway to combat climate change, may yield tremendous health benefits now, even if the climate benefits take years to accrue.

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Are obesity and asthma connected ?

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Are obesity and asthma connected ?

Obesity:

Obesity is a complex disease involving an excessive amount of body fat. Obesity isn’t just a medical problem that increase the risk of other diseases and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and certain cancers.

Asthma :

Asthma is a condition in which your airways narrow an swell and may produce extra mucus.

The connection between obesity and asthma :

  1. Obesity an asthma share common genetics, common in utero conditions, or common predisposing dietary factors( foods high in sugar, diet poor in vegetables etc).
  2. Obesity leads to a reduction in lung volume and tidal volume which in turn promotes narrowing of the airway.
  3. There is low risk associated with breastfeeding in both obesity and asthma conditions.
  4. Changes in adipose-derived hormones, like leptin an adiponectin, may enhance the inflammatory state of obesity.
  5. Obesity is a state of low-grade systemic inflammation that may lead to the exacerbation of asthma.
  6. Diseases like dyslipidemia,gastroesophageal reflux,sleep- disorder breathing,type-2 diabetes,or hypertension that are associated with obesity, may exacerbate asthma.
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Here are causes for tooth decay and its treatment options

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Here are causes for tooth decay and its treatment options

Tooth decay:

Tooth decay occurs due to a buildup of plaque on a tooth.plaque is a sticky layer of bacteria that forms on teeth.when a person eats sugary or starchy food, the bacteria in the plaque produce acids that attack tooth enamel.it is disease known as caries or cavities. As the tooth gets eaten away, tooth decay sets in.Tooth decay naturally looks black and can give the appearance of a black tooth. Tooth decay and gum disease can lead to serious health problems, including brain or heart infections.

Causes for cavities:

  1. Bacteria –Both gum disease an tooth decay are cause by bacteria
  2. Sugars
  3. Plaque
  4. Para function
  5. Certain medical condition

Treatment options include:

  1. Fluoride treatments
  2. Fillings
  3. Crowns
  4. Root canals
  5. Tooth extractions
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Do you know about Type 1 Diabetes and its symptoms?

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Do you know about Type 1 Diabetes and its symptoms?

Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction ( when a body attacks itself by mistake). This reaction destroys the cells in the pancreas that makes insulin,called beta cells.This process of destroying of beta cells can go on for months or years before any symptoms appear. It is a serious condition where your blood glucose (sugar) level is too high because your body attacks the cells in your pancreas that makes the insulin due to which you can not produce any insulin which is required to live.

Symptoms:

  1. Feeling thirsty
  2. Feeling tried
  3. Weight loss and loss of muscle bulk
  4. Blurred vision
  5. Itching around the genital area
  6. Urinating more frequently than usual
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