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One blood test that detects 50 cancer types before symptoms appear

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One blood test that detects 50 cancer types before symptoms appear

One fact about cancer is that it is treatable – provided – it is found early and can also turn terminal and painful if it metastasizes. Detection in time has been the silver bullet mankind has been searching for the king of maladies.

Cancer.net lists at list 120 types of cancer. Tests for most types of cancer are often expensive, invasive, not available at all medical facilities.

Now, in the UK, the NHS doctors have (since Monday 13 September) begun using a “revolutionary” blood test to spot more than 50 cancers earlier. The Galleri process is particularly good at detecting hard-to-diagnose tumours including bowel and pancreatic cancers. The NHS-Galleri trial is being run by the Cancer Research UK and King’s College London Cancer Prevention Trials Unit in partnership with the health service and healthcare company GRAIL, which developed the test technique.

The Galleri Process: The world’s largest clinical trial:

  • About 140,000 people are joining the clinical trials
  • The test is said to hunt down and highlight fragments of tumour DNA.
  • It can even pinpoint the likely location of the disease.
  • Hopefully will catch far more cases at an early stage of growth
  • It has been found that treatment is more likely to be successful when begun early

How will this test be carried out?

  1. Patients are being recruited from several areas of England.
  2. Literally, thousands of people between the ages of 50 to 77 will be contacted and invited to take part.
  3. It will be ensured that the total number of patients come from different backgrounds and ethnicities
  4. The condition is that they must not have had a cancer diagnosis in the last three years.
  5. They must attend a mobile clinic sited in retail parks and at other convenient locations.
  6. They must provide blood samples three times over the following two years.

How this test will help:

Cancer at Stage 1 or 2 has potential treatments that are less aggressive. Patients whose cancer has been detected at the earliest stage have a five to 10 times better chance of surviving compared with those who are diagnosed late at Stage 4.

Patients will find out they are in the test group if Galleri flags up possible cancer, in which case they will be sent to the hospital to undergo further checks. Initial results of the learning from and the efficacy of the method (as per these clinical trials) are expected by 2023. If they are successful, Galleri will be rolled out to a further one million people in 2024 and 2025.

HEALTH NEWS

How do you know if your back pain is serious?

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How do you know if your back pain is serious?

Back pain:

Back pain develops without a cause that your doctor can identify with a test. Conditions commonly linked to back pain include muscle or ligament strain.repeated heavy lifting or a sudden awkward movement can strain back muscles and spinal ligaments.

Signs that indicate, that its time to consult doctor for your back pain:

  1. If you have been in pain for over a week
  2. If the pain extends to other body parts
  3. If you have numbness, tingling or weakness
  4. If you have pain after an accident
  5. If your pain is worse at certain times or in certain positions
  6. If you are having problems with bowels or urination
  7. If you have unexplained weight loss
  8. If you have a fever
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Are obesity and asthma connected ?

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Are obesity and asthma connected ?

Obesity:

Obesity is a complex disease involving an excessive amount of body fat. Obesity isn’t just a medical problem that increase the risk of other diseases and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and certain cancers.

Asthma :

Asthma is a condition in which your airways narrow an swell and may produce extra mucus.

The connection between obesity and asthma :

  1. Obesity an asthma share common genetics, common in utero conditions, or common predisposing dietary factors( foods high in sugar, diet poor in vegetables etc).
  2. Obesity leads to a reduction in lung volume and tidal volume which in turn promotes narrowing of the airway.
  3. There is low risk associated with breastfeeding in both obesity and asthma conditions.
  4. Changes in adipose-derived hormones, like leptin an adiponectin, may enhance the inflammatory state of obesity.
  5. Obesity is a state of low-grade systemic inflammation that may lead to the exacerbation of asthma.
  6. Diseases like dyslipidemia,gastroesophageal reflux,sleep- disorder breathing,type-2 diabetes,or hypertension that are associated with obesity, may exacerbate asthma.
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Here are causes for tooth decay and its treatment options

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Here are causes for tooth decay and its treatment options

Tooth decay:

Tooth decay occurs due to a buildup of plaque on a tooth.plaque is a sticky layer of bacteria that forms on teeth.when a person eats sugary or starchy food, the bacteria in the plaque produce acids that attack tooth enamel.it is disease known as caries or cavities. As the tooth gets eaten away, tooth decay sets in.Tooth decay naturally looks black and can give the appearance of a black tooth. Tooth decay and gum disease can lead to serious health problems, including brain or heart infections.

Causes for cavities:

  1. Bacteria –Both gum disease an tooth decay are cause by bacteria
  2. Sugars
  3. Plaque
  4. Para function
  5. Certain medical condition

Treatment options include:

  1. Fluoride treatments
  2. Fillings
  3. Crowns
  4. Root canals
  5. Tooth extractions
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