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Gynaecology

All you need to know about menstrual blood clots

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All you need to know about menstrual blood clots

What are menstrual blood clots?

It is very important for every girl and woman about the menstrual blood clots. In general, clotting is the transformation of blood from a liquid to a jelly or a semi-solid like state. But menstrual blood clots are a mixture of blood cells, uterine tissue and proteins in the blood. It is important to know that these menstrual clots are normal but there are few abnormalities about them and one should definitely know.

Why do they occur?

The blood clots usually happen on the heaviest days of bleeding and the when the excessive blood pools in the uterus or vagina, it begins to clot owing to the proteins in the blood.

What are abnormal blood clots?

One should worry and take proper care if the blood clots are larger in size, occur very frequently and painful. In case, if you experience any of the above symptoms, you should consult a doctor as early as possible.

Here are the possible complications:

The possible complications of menstrual blood clots are listed below:
1. Hormonal imbalance
2. Endometriosis: This is a condition that causes the uterine tissue to grow outside the uterus.
3. Fibroids: The fibroids are blockages in uterus that slow down the blood and in end results to more clots.

Gynaecology

Do you know about Perimenopause?

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Do you know about Perimenopause?

Menopause needs no introduction but ever heard of Perimenopause? If not, do not worry! We have come up with this piece to explain you about it. Read on.

What is Perimenopause?

Perimenopause refers to the time ‘around menopause’ and it is the transition period before menopause that can last from a couple of months to several years. It may start in one’s 40s but can even start as early as mid 30s.

What exactly happens?

When the body goes through the perimenopause and moves towards menopause, the level of estrogen (a primary female sex hormone) drops all of sudden.

This leads to many changes in the period. Your cycle may be longer / shorter than usual and also the flow can be unusually heavy or light.

Symptoms of Perimenopause:

1. Headaches
2. Muscle aches
3. Sleeping troubles
4. Mood swings
5. Lower sex drive
6. Fatigue
7. Irregular periods
8. Hot flashes

For further information and consultation:

Name: Dr. N. Divya Swetha

MBBS., DGO., DNB

For any queries , kindly email to drtidybiz@gmail.com

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Gynaecology

All you need to know about PCOS

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All you need to know about PCOS

Polycystic ovarian syndrome is common problem in young women now a days. PCOS is a “syndrome,” or group of symptoms that affects the ovaries and ovulation. Its three main features are:

  • Cysts in the ovaries
  • High levels of male hormones
  • Irregular or skipped periods

PCOS affects up to almost 27 percent of women during their childbearing years.

Causes:

Genetic

Insulin resistance

Thyroid disorders

Increased inflammatory levels

Symptoms:

Menstrual cycle irregularities leading to delayed periods and decreased period blood flow.

Acne

Thick  hair growth

Weight gain

Dark skin patches

Male pattern baldness

MANAGEMENT:

Diet and lifestyle tips to treat PCOS

Management  of PCOS usually starts with lifestyle changes like weight loss, diet, and exercise.

Losing just 5 to 10 percent of your body weight can help regulate your menstrual cycle and improve PCOS symptoms.

Weight loss can also help to  :

  • improve cholesterol levels
  • lower insulin
  • reduce heart disease and diabetes risk.

When to see a doctor:

  • You’ve missed periods, and you’re not pregnant.
  • You have symptoms of PCOS, such as hair growth on your face and body.
  • You’ve been trying to get pregnant for more than 12 months but haven’t been successful.
  • You have symptoms of diabetes or unexplained weight loss or weight gain.

PCOS is a treatable condition, so stay active and eat right.

For further information and consultation: 

Name: Dr. N. Divya Swetha

MBBS., DGO., DNB

For any queries , kindly email to drtidybiz@gmail.com

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Gynaecology

A quick guide to uterine fibroids

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Fibroids are abnormal growths that develop in or on a woman’s uterus. At times, these become quite large and cause severe abdominal pain and heavy periods. Also, they cause no symptoms at all in some cases and the growths are typically benign, or noncancerous.

Causes of uterine fibroids:

1. Pregnancy

2. Hormones

3. Family history

4. Non-nutritious food

Who are at risk?

Women with the below mentioned signs are more prone to the risk of uterine fibroids.

1. Pregnancy

2. Heavy weight

3. Age of 30 or older

4. Family history

5. African-American women

Symptoms of fibroids:

1. Heavy bleeding

2. Pain in the pelvis

3. Pain during intercourse

4. Increased urination

5. Increased menstrual cramping

6. Pressure or swelling in the lower abdomen

7. Menstruation that lasts longer than usual

8. Fullness in the lower abdomen

So, if you experience these symptoms, please consult your gynecologist as early as possible and get it treated.

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