On 8 November 1895, Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen discovered X rays and revolutionised the practice of medicine. With this discovery, radiology was born and later became the backbone of medical practice. Nobel Laureate William Henry Bragg once said “The discovery of X-rays has increased the keenness of our vision 10,000 times.” It has been the most technological speciality in medicine evolving from X-rays to high-tech imaging modalities and interventions.
The evolution of modern Interventional Radiology as a sub-speciality of radiology began over half a century ago with a very simple question — would it be possible to use diagnostic imaging tools to guide the real-time treatment of diseases? The answer was an emphatic yes!
The use of image guidance led to rapid advances in treatment. By utilising imaging, some patients could undergo targeted minimally invasive procedures and avoid major surgeries. The breadth of these changes now encompasses all of medicine and has forever changed the way we think about diseases.
The main advantage of this stream is that it can treat many conditions as an alternative to surgery or when surgery is not possible. Since it is minimally invasive, discomfort to the patient is considerably reduced. Recovery time and hospital stay are also less thereby improving the quality of patient care.
Like Alice entered the wonderland through a very small door, we enter our body through a very small needle puncture. No cuts or incisions are needed. After we enter, imaging roadmaps are used under the guidance of X-ray, CT or Ultrasound. These help to navigate the blood vessels to reach the disease site with the help of long tubes called catheters. After the target area is reached, a dye is injected through this catheter and images are taken for diagnosis. Based on these images, appropriate treatment is given via these catheters.
No wonder that Interventional radiologists are considered to be the plumbers of the human body! A wrench and pipe was the logo of the founding father of Interventional Radiology, Dr Charles Dotter.
With new sets of advanced tools like Artificial Intelligence, robotics, fusion imaging and augmented reality, the future looks brighter for interventional radiology. A very wide spectrum of conditions can be treated by Interventional Radiology. Here are a few examples
When there is massive bleeding in any part of the body, Embolisation is used to block the bleeding vessels. There are many materials available for blocking these vessels like coils, particles and stent-grafts. Many times, patients are too sick to undergo major surgery and in many cases, the area of the disease may be inaccessible to the surgeon. Interventional Radiology can come to the rescue in these cases.
Blocked vessels in the body due to various disease processes can cause manifold issues and excruciating pain. Interventional Radiology is used to reopen blocked vessels. The process is called angioplasty or stenting. This is life-saving in some instances and others, it dramatically improves the quality of life.
Stroke is a condition when a major blood vessel to the brain. Timely intervention by reopening the blocked vessel can dramatically alter the patient’s future and restore their quality of life.
Many malignancies which are not treatable surgically can be addressed by interventional radiology. These tumours can be treated by blocking the tumour vessels by embolisation or by directly ablating the tumour under ultrasound or CT guidance by using RFA, microwave, Cryotherapy etc. Also, chemotherapy can be avoided or its dose significantly reduced. It can also help with pain management in various intractable cancers. The pain-causing nerves can be destroyed by injecting alcohol or by ablating them under ultrasound or CT guidance.
The method of blocking blood vessels can be adapted to treating uterine fibroids. Fibroids can be shrunk by blocking the vessels which feed these fibroids. A significant advantage is that a hysterectomy (uterus removal) can be prevented. Similarly, enlarged prostates can also be treated. The latest adaptation of this procedure is in treating patients with knee or shoulder arthritis who are not candidates for surgery and helping them attain significant pain relief.
7 Easy Remedies to Get Rid of Grey Hair Instantly
Grey hair can be caused due to stress. However, a lot of time, a deity instability can also lead to grey hair. The hair follicles can start shedding colours and then get into the natural cycle of dying and regenerating. Grey hair is likely to grow at the beginning of age 35. Yet, with pollution and a wide array of junk food, grey hair can start emerging at an early age.
Here Are the Remedies for Grey Hair:
By eating seaweed will get in all your trace minerals especially zinc, magnesium, selenium, copper, zinc and iron.
You can benefit by eating black sesame, beans, blackstrap molasses, nigella seeds (kalonji).
By eating Indian gooseberry, amla, you can get the benefits of this kitchen friendly ingredient.
Grass like wheatgrass or barley grass help in flushing the liver.
• Catalase (enzyme)
Eating catalase is rich in foods like sweet potato, carrots, garlic, and broccoli helps prevent grey hair.
• Eat Clean Food
You need to make sure that you are clean. You need to quit contaminants to blood conditions: sugar, dairy, refined flour, packaged foods, processed foods, unhealthy fats, and too much animal protein.
You need to make sure that you maintain hygiene and remain clean.
5 ways to protect your brain from dementia
What is dementia?
Dementia is a term used to describe a variety of brain-related indicators associated with worsening memory, decision making, and reasoning, however the symptoms of dementia can vary by individual. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia.
What factors are associated with an increased risk of dementia?
Advanced age, genetics and ethnicity can all play a role in the risk of dementia. They are not modifiable, meaning, they cannot be changed. The good news, however is this: another major factor associated with dementia is one you can control. Your diet.
5 ways to protect your brain from dementia
Numerous studies have shown that lifestyle choices play a large role in brain health. How you approach your diet is the first step.
- Follow a MIND diet approach
Perhaps the most studied diet related to brain health is the MIND (Mediterranean — DASH intervention for neurodegenerative delay) diet. The diet consists of ten healthy foods and five foods to limit. Adherence to the MIND diet has been shown in multiple studies to reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s by as much as 53% when followed rigorously. Even moderate adherence led to 35% reduced risk.
- Focus on more color in the diet
Color is a major factor in both the MIND and Mediterranean dietary protocols. That’s because color, coming from green leafy and cruciferous vegetables, berries, beans, teas, peppers, spices and even coffee indicates a high degree of nutrient density.
- Get your protein in
A 2021 study demonstrated that lower protein diets could have a detrimental impact on brain health. Specifically, researchers found that amino acids (derived from protein in the diet) may inhibit the formation of Alzheimer’s disease by inhibiting brain cell death, and reducing inflammation. You can get high quality protein from plants (such as beans and legumes) as well as animals (such as chicken breast, fatty fish, and eggs). If supplemental protein is necessary, a high-quality protein powder can assist as well. Exact protein needs vary by age and activity level.
- Eliminate added sugars from the diet
While adding nutrient dense foods are essential to protect overall brain health, taking away more problematic ingredients is also critical. Studies show that added sugar — often found in sugar sweetened drinks and cereals, candy and pastries — can increase the risk for multiple chronic conditions such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes. Both conditions are linked with worsening brain health.
- Replace processed foods with real food
Processed foods (often referred to as highly palatable foods) not only skew your brain’s ability to assess hunger — which means you can easily eat large quantities — they replace more nutrient dense foods in the diet.
World Pneumonia Day 2021: Here are the tips to control it
Every year on December 12, the world observes the Pneumonia Day to create awareness and spread the word to help prevent and control the deadly infection. One has to be very careful especially during these testing times because like Covid-19, pneumonia can also spread through droplet transmission.
So, we bought you this piece mentioning the important tips. Give a read.
• Practice proper hand hygiene by washing your hands with soap and water regularly.
• Follow proper respiratory hygiene and wear a mask when stepping out, especially during an outbreak.
• Quit smoking
• Eat healthy
• Avoid being around people who are sick or have pneumonia.
• Get treated for any infections you may have at the earliest to avoid its progression to pneumonia.
• Stay active
• Get enough sleep
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