Diabetes is a chronic disease that may involve all people from any age range. There are different types of diabetes, the type that seniors usually get involved in type 2 diabetes. Despite type 1 diabetes, called juvenile diabetes, type 2 diabetes occurs due to a bad lifestyle and obesity.
It means that type 2 diabetes is closely related to different risk factors that are not necessarily genetically related. Since diabetes affects people’s lives entirely, it is crucial to diagnose diabetes in seniors as soon as its symptoms appear.
Early Diagnosis of Diabetes in Seniors
In general, to see if you have diabetes or not, you should check your blood sugar level. Since high blood sugar levels are a sign of diabetes, knowing what blood glucose level is necessary. Based on scientific works, a fasting blood sugar level for healthy people is lesser than 100 mg/dL while for diabetic persons is higher than 126 mg/Dl. In addition, a blood sugar level between 100 -125 is considered pre-diabetes.
Despite blood sugar level, diabetes has other physical symptoms, including
- Feeling thirsty
- Losing weight
- High blood sugar despite not eating
- High frequency of urination
Both hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia are dangerous for people with diabetes. Hyperglycemia describes a situation in which the blood sugar level increases while hypoglycemia means lower blood sugar than normal level.
Severe hypoglycemia is dangerous since it may lead to unconscious and comma. Some physical symptoms of hypoglycemia, through which you can find that you are going to faint, include:
- Feeling dizziness and vomit
- The skin gets pale
- Reduced blood flow and decreased body temperature
On the contrary, hyperglycemia or high blood sugar level has its specific symptoms like:
- High frequency of urination
- Unexplained weight loss
- Vision blurriness
Control Blood Sugar Level
Keeping blood sugar levels in the normal range is vital for diabetes. Seniors with diabetes use different ways to manage their blood sugar. These ways are a combination of changes in eating behaviour and consuming drugs. Some of the ways to manage blood glucose are:
- Blood sugar pills
- Insulin injection
- Proper diet
The Role of Diet to Control Diabetes in Seniors
Having a proper diet helps seniors with diabetes to control their blood sugar. According to an article, a balanced and proper diet for diabetes has several advantages like:
- Keep blood sugar in a normal range
- Provide enough essential nutrients and energy for the body
- Keep blood lipid in a normal range
- Prevent any possible problems caused by diabetes like kidney damages
The critical factor in choosing a proper diet is having precise information about calories and main ingredients. Such ingredients include carbohydrates, sugar, fibre, etc. Some of the best foods that diabetes can benefit from are as follow:
Eating fish may reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 50%. Fish is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, so it is recommended to eat fish at least twice a week and 90 grams each time. However, diabetic seniors should not use fish oil capsules except with a doctor’s prescription. It may interfere with their blood sugar regulation.
Onion and Garlic
Both onion and garlic are beneficial spices used in foods to enhance flavour and taste. These spices, however, have positive effects on increasing insulin level and glucose metabolism in the liver in diabetic seniors. In addition, onion and garlic boost insulin sensitivity and thereby decrease blood sugar levels.
Foods Containing a High Amount of Antioxidants
Antioxidants are molecules that can protect us from free radical damages. These molecules exist in higher amounts in some foods more than others. It has been scientifically proved that antioxidants can decrease destructive effects of diabetes like blindness or nerve damage through free radical scavenging. Some natural antioxidants are vitamin C, E, beta-carotene, etc. These antioxidants are abundantly existing in fresh vegetables like tomato, carrot, citrus, kiwi, etc.
It is noteworthy that before choosing any food, check its Glycemic index. Glycemic index is a value that shows a specific food how quickly (or slowly) it can increase blood sugar level. For seniors with diabetes, foods with a glycemic index lower than 55 are appropriate. Glycemic index should not be mistaken by glycemic load (GL) of a food. Glycemic load is a value that considers the amount of carbohydrate in food and how quickly it can increase blood sugar levels. Usually, a glycemic load under 10 is suitable for diabetes. In this regard, the glycemic GL of watermelon is 2 per 100 g, while its GI is 72. So, diabetes should pay attention to both these values while choosing a proper diet.
Early diagnosis of diabetes in seniors is crucial since we can take action as soon as possible and before any bad situation happens. Checking blood glucose is the fastest and easiest way to see if you have diabetes or not. However, diabetes has some physical symptoms. Hypo and hyperglycemia can be dangerous for seniors with diabetes, so people should carefully control their blood sugar levels. One way to keep blood sugar in a normal range is editing lifestyle and eating behaviour.
Know the causes and side effects of the obesity
Obesity is a complex disease involving an excessive amount of body fat.Obesity is not just a cosmetic concern.It is a medical problem that increases the risk of other diseases and health problems, such as
- Heart disease
- High blood pressure and
- Certain cancers
Main causes of obesity:
- Lack of physical activity
- Hormonal Issues
- Medical condition
Most common health problems with obesity :
- Type 2 diabetes
- Dyslipidemia and heart disease
- Respiratory problems an sleep apnoea
- Fatty liver disease
- Kidney disease
- Psychological disorders
Is fatigue dangerous ?
Fatigue can have some pretty harmful effects from reduced concentration to irritability, reckless risk-taking, poor work quality, an even falling asleep behind the wheel.
Even a week of feeling more tried than usual is not uncommon. Yet most people can tell when their fatigue feels like something more serious. If that’s the case, or your fatigue gets worse or lasts longer than a week or two, its time to see your doctor.
Signs of fatigue:
It my feel like overwhelming tiredness, which makes people unable to complete normal activities of daily living.It may also worsen the difficulties associated with a person’s brain injury.
- Slurred speech
All that you have to know about diarrhea
Diarrhea is one of the most common health complaints. Diarrhea is characterize by abnormally loose or watery stools. Most cases of diarrhea are due to bacteria, viruses or parasites. Digestive system disorders can also cause chronic diarrhea.
Causes of diarrhea:
Many cases of diarrhea are due to an infection in the gastrointestinal tract. The microbes responsible trusted source for this infection include:
- Parasitic organisms
Some of the major causes of chronic diarrhea include:
- Microscopic colitis
- Malabsorptive and maldigestive diarrhea
- Chronic infections
- Drug-induced diarrhea
- Endocrine-related causes
- Cancer-related causes
Diarrhea refers to watery stools, but it may be accompanied by other symptoms. These include:
- Stomach pain
- Abdominal cramps
- Weight loss
- Body aches
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