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How do you know if you have diabetes?

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How do you know if you have diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic disease that may involve all people from any age range. There are different types of diabetes, the type that seniors usually get involved in type 2 diabetes. Despite type 1 diabetes, called juvenile diabetes, type 2 diabetes occurs due to a bad lifestyle and obesity.

It means that type 2 diabetes is closely related to different risk factors that are not necessarily genetically related. Since diabetes affects people’s lives entirely, it is crucial to diagnose diabetes in seniors as soon as its symptoms appear.

Early Diagnosis of Diabetes in Seniors

In general, to see if you have diabetes or not, you should check your blood sugar level. Since high blood sugar levels are a sign of diabetes, knowing what blood glucose level is necessary. Based on scientific works, a fasting blood sugar level for healthy people is lesser than 100 mg/dL while for diabetic persons is higher than 126 mg/Dl. In addition, a blood sugar level between 100 -125 is considered pre-diabetes.

Despite blood sugar level, diabetes has other physical symptoms, including

  • Feeling thirsty
  • Losing weight
  • High blood sugar despite not eating
  • High frequency of urination

Hyperglycemia/ Hypoglycemia

Both hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia are dangerous for people with diabetes. Hyperglycemia describes a situation in which the blood sugar level increases while hypoglycemia means lower blood sugar than normal level.

Severe hypoglycemia is dangerous since it may lead to unconscious and comma. Some physical symptoms of hypoglycemia, through which you can find that you are going to faint, include:

  • Feeling dizziness and vomit
  • Sweating
  • Fatigue
  • The skin gets pale
  • Reduced blood flow and decreased body temperature

On the contrary, hyperglycemia or high blood sugar level has its specific symptoms like:

  • Thirsty
  • High frequency of urination
  • Weakness
  • Sleepiness
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Vision blurriness

Control Blood Sugar Level

Keeping blood sugar levels in the normal range is vital for diabetes. Seniors with diabetes use different ways to manage their blood sugar. These ways are a combination of changes in eating behaviour and consuming drugs. Some of the ways to manage blood glucose are:

  • Blood sugar pills
  • Insulin injection
  • Proper diet

The Role of Diet to Control Diabetes in Seniors

Having a proper diet helps seniors with diabetes to control their blood sugar.  According to an article, a balanced and proper diet for diabetes has several advantages like:

  • Keep blood sugar in a normal range
  • Provide enough essential nutrients and energy for the body
  • Keep blood lipid in a normal range
  • Prevent any possible problems caused by diabetes like kidney damages

The critical factor in choosing a proper diet is having precise information about calories and main ingredients. Such ingredients include carbohydrates, sugar, fibre, etc. Some of the best foods that diabetes can benefit from are as follow:

Fish

Eating fish may reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 50%. Fish is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, so it is recommended to eat fish at least twice a week and 90 grams each time. However, diabetic seniors should not use fish oil capsules except with a doctor’s prescription. It may interfere with their blood sugar regulation.

Onion and Garlic

Both onion and garlic are beneficial spices used in foods to enhance flavour and taste. These spices, however, have positive effects on increasing insulin level and glucose metabolism in the liver in diabetic seniors. In addition, onion and garlic boost insulin sensitivity and thereby decrease blood sugar levels.

Foods Containing a High Amount of Antioxidants

Antioxidants are molecules that can protect us from free radical damages. These molecules exist in higher amounts in some foods more than others. It has been scientifically proved that antioxidants can decrease destructive effects of diabetes like blindness or nerve damage through free radical scavenging. Some natural antioxidants are vitamin C, E, beta-carotene, etc. These antioxidants are abundantly existing in fresh vegetables like tomato, carrot, citrus, kiwi, etc.

It is noteworthy that before choosing any food, check its Glycemic index. Glycemic index is a value that shows a specific food how quickly (or slowly) it can increase blood sugar level. For seniors with diabetes, foods with a glycemic index lower than 55 are appropriate. Glycemic index should not be mistaken by glycemic load (GL) of a food. Glycemic load is a value that considers the amount of carbohydrate in food and how quickly it can increase blood sugar levels. Usually, a glycemic load under 10 is suitable for diabetes. In this regard, the glycemic GL of watermelon is 2 per 100 g, while its GI is 72. So, diabetes should pay attention to both these values while choosing a proper diet.

Conclusion

Early diagnosis of diabetes in seniors is crucial since we can take action as soon as possible and before any bad situation happens. Checking blood glucose is the fastest and easiest way to see if you have diabetes or not. However, diabetes has some physical symptoms. Hypo and hyperglycemia can be dangerous for seniors with diabetes, so people should carefully control their blood sugar levels. One way to keep blood sugar in a normal range is editing lifestyle and eating behaviour.

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7 Easy Remedies to Get Rid of Grey Hair Instantly

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7 Easy Remedies to Get Rid of Grey Hair Instantly

Grey hair can be caused due to stress. However, a lot of time, a deity instability can also lead to grey hair. The hair follicles can start shedding colours and then get into the natural cycle of dying and regenerating. Grey hair is likely to grow at the beginning of age 35. Yet, with pollution and a wide array of junk food, grey hair can start emerging at an early age.

Here Are the Remedies for Grey Hair:
• Seaweed
By eating seaweed will get in all your trace minerals especially zinc, magnesium, selenium, copper, zinc and iron.
• Black
You can benefit by eating black sesame, beans, blackstrap molasses, nigella seeds (kalonji).
• Amla
By eating Indian gooseberry, amla, you can get the benefits of this kitchen friendly ingredient.
• Grass
Grass like wheatgrass or barley grass help in flushing the liver.
• Catalase (enzyme)
Eating catalase is rich in foods like sweet potato, carrots, garlic, and broccoli helps prevent grey hair.
• Eat Clean Food
You need to make sure that you are clean. You need to quit contaminants to blood conditions: sugar, dairy, refined flour, packaged foods, processed foods, unhealthy fats, and too much animal protein.
• Cleanliness
You need to make sure that you maintain hygiene and remain clean.

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5 ways to protect your brain from dementia

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5 ways to protect your brain from dementia

What is dementia?

Dementia is a term used to describe a variety of brain-related indicators associated with worsening memory, decision making, and reasoning, however the symptoms of dementia can vary by individual. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia.

What factors are associated with an increased risk of dementia?

Advanced age, genetics and ethnicity can all play a role in the risk of dementia. They are not modifiable, meaning, they cannot be changed. The good news, however is this: another major factor associated with dementia is one you can control. Your diet.

5 ways to protect your brain from dementia

Numerous studies have shown that lifestyle choices play a large role in brain health. How you approach your diet is the first step.

  1. Follow a MIND diet approach

Perhaps the most studied diet related to brain health is the MIND (Mediterranean — DASH intervention for neurodegenerative delay) diet. The diet consists of ten healthy foods and five foods to limit. Adherence to the MIND diet has been shown in multiple studies to reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s by as much as 53% when followed rigorously. Even moderate adherence led to 35% reduced risk.

  1. Focus on more color in the diet

Color is a major factor in both the MIND and Mediterranean dietary protocols.  That’s because color, coming from green leafy and cruciferous vegetables, berries, beans, teas, peppers, spices and even coffee indicates a high degree of nutrient density.

  1. Get your protein in

A 2021 study demonstrated that lower protein diets could have a detrimental impact on brain health. Specifically, researchers found that amino acids (derived from protein in the diet) may inhibit the formation of Alzheimer’s disease by inhibiting brain cell death, and reducing inflammation. You can get high quality protein from plants (such as beans and legumes) as well as animals (such as chicken breast, fatty fish, and eggs). If supplemental protein is necessary, a high-quality protein powder can assist as well.  Exact protein needs vary by age and activity level.

  1. Eliminate added sugars from the diet

While adding nutrient dense foods are essential to protect overall brain health, taking away more problematic ingredients is also critical. Studies show that added sugar — often found in sugar sweetened drinks and cereals, candy and pastries — can increase the risk for multiple chronic conditions such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes. Both conditions are linked with worsening brain health.

  1. Replace processed foods with real food

Processed foods (often referred to as highly palatable foods) not only skew your brain’s ability to assess hunger — which means you can easily eat large quantities — they replace more nutrient dense foods in the diet.

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World Pneumonia Day 2021: Here are the tips to control it

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World Pneumonia Day 2021: Here are the tips to control it

Every year on December 12, the world observes the Pneumonia Day to create awareness and spread the word to help prevent and control the deadly infection. One has to be very careful especially during these testing times because like Covid-19, pneumonia can also spread through droplet transmission.

So, we bought you this piece mentioning the important tips. Give a read.

• Practice proper hand hygiene by washing your hands with soap and water regularly.
• Follow proper respiratory hygiene and wear a mask when stepping out, especially during an outbreak.
• Quit smoking
• Eat healthy
• Avoid being around people who are sick or have pneumonia.
• Get treated for any infections you may have at the earliest to avoid its progression to pneumonia.
• Stay active
• Get enough sleep

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